The internationally unique calcareous tufa caves of Castle Hill were created as an effect of the hot water springs almost half a million years ago. Later the small caves were connected to each other and also to the cellarage of the houses of the Castle District for economic and military purposes, and the complex thus developed into a veritable labyrinth under the Castle Hill. In the 1930s, as part of the war-time defense program, the complex of cellars was converted into a shelter large enough to accommodate as many as ten thousand people at a time.Disfigured with concrete, it served as a secret military object during the Cold War.
When the Labyrinth of Buda Castle opened in 1983 the first and biggest Hungarian historical wax museum was set up here. During the reconstruction works, which took place in 1996/97, the almost 10000 square meters long Labyrinth regained its pre-war look as much as it was possible. The previous exhibition of wax figures gave place to such symbolic and mysterious exhibitions with deeper meaning, whose essence can be characterised by the word ’labyrinth’. In this sense the Labyrinth of Buda Castle not only a simple maze, but a web of paths leading to our history, world and ourselves.